What is Best Affordable Flashlight?

I do not really need a flashlight like a lot of people do. For instance a police officer or a soldier is in a life or death situation and for them, they might be willing to pay a lot more for one that is going to be there for them when the rubber hits the road. Of course that is the difference between a tactical flashlight that costs 20 dollars and one that costs ten times as much. I was looking at models like the Blazeray tactical light and wondering if it really functions as well as it says that it does. In fact when I was doing this, I found a forum on the web where this was all that people talked about. It was rather bizarre to tell you the truth. I mean that these people really took this subject to heart and argued about it like it was a life or death topic. Continue reading

Health and Vedic Astrology

Vedic astrology provides a key to the analysis of present and future health far beyond the scope of modern science. It can reveal physical maladies that may occur, which parts of the body will be affected, and when they may manifest. This most important branch of astrology has been used for thousands of years with astounding accuracy.

This science allows a qualified practitioner to analyze weaknesses in the physical body, and to predict possible ailments as a result. We then institute preventive measures, rather than waiting until you require curative measures.

The strength of your horoscope indicates the strength of your body, and its ability to resist illness. There are certain combinations of planets that bestow excellent health. By the same token there are combinations which cause chronic suffering. Planets each hold jurisdiction over different parts of the body and affect specific bodily functions within them.

A Vedic astrologer studies the birth chart, then the daily movements of the planets, to understand and analyze present and future health. The Ayurveda, India’s ancient medical science, is inextricably intertwined with Vedic astrology and in previous times all ayurvedic doctors were also astrologers. In India many are to this day. The combination of these two sciences provide a complete system for diagnosis and treatment of not only diseases of the body, but of the mind. Even the 12 basic salts of homeopathy are associated and related to the 12 houses of the zodiac.

Mental or emotional health can also be understood from a person’s horoscope. There are many factors and planetary conjunctions that indicate a troubled mind, neurosis, or even psychosis. The psychological functioning as a whole can be understood through a careful study of the birth chart. Therefore an astrologer must not only understand which planets cause disease, & the types of diseases that may manifest, but which areas of the body they will affect, and when.

Why is it that a healthy, robust-looking person will be said to be healthy by a doctor, yet come down with a debilitating illness? Why can a frailer, less-healthy appearing person combat and resist certain diseases? The answer is fate… “karma”. Understanding this factor helps us to act in such a way to “shape” the destiny before us, including our most vital possession, our health.

Contribution of Biotechnological Plants in the Field of Medical Science

Biotechnology is an advanced branch of medical science and possesses ultimate strengths to deal with life and business. It has made innumerable contributions in the fields of science and technology. It has provided better and effective solutions to improve human health, to cope up with adverse environmental effects, and enabled excellent business opportunities. Studies have demonstrated their work policies and the way; they plan and execute their work as an industry.

Biotechnological plants have delivered drugs and medications, which have been found better and more reliable as compared to other pharmaceuticals. The main reason behind their success is that, these plants use natural resources such as plants and animals and produce medicines through biological synthesis. But various other pharmaceuticals are manufactured through chemical synthesis and have toxic and harmful agents as the constituents. As biotech-based medicines are the derivatives of plants and animals, so they don’t produce any side-effects when exposed to lives of people handling them.

Biotechnology is not limited to the sphere of medicine only, but it has made major developments in other fields of application such as agricultural, industrial, food industry and many more. It has developed high quality crops, food additives, fuels and etc. The best part is that as it is new to the world of science, thus it has potential to provide innumerable job opportunities and possess large scope for further developments. Thus, the industry invites future aspirants to make their career in such an advanced zone of science.

Biotechnological plants utilize various advanced technologies such as genetic engineering, genomics, nanobiotechnology, plants and animals cell-tissue culture, etc. Therefore, they are known to deliver sophisticated and effective solutions in each area of their applications. Their continued progress and adequate involvement especially in drug discovery have made future analysts to consider them as the most consistent and advanced industry of science. These can stand against the global economic crisis and can provide long term business solutions.

New York Skin Solutions Review

The reason for my audit is not to pollute their notoriety, which I accept is pointless as individual experience and results will represent themselves. My desire is to contact potential clients to give them my point of view before considering “medications” in this middle.

I knew I had an issue with skin break out. I was managing spots and imperfections in my young years, which blurred in my late high schoolers however shockingly made a rebound when I was 23. When I was contaminated with chicken pox for the second time in my life, research let me know I better look for treatment for my skin as the scarring will be appalling. In the wake of perusing up some famous brands in skin treatment (media has great influence in incepting names in your brain), I settled on New York Skin Solutions in the wake of seeing that a companion had great results subsequent to going there on an impressively moderate bundle.

Of course, NYSS was having an advancement for a free first trial and meeting. I joined and soon wound up in their inside, doing a sweep and having my skin analyzed. My advisor guaranteed me since my pox scars are still new, their medications will repair the skin and the scars will vanish. For my skin break out, I will need to agree to a propelled treatment which will focus on the issue that was unsolved for such a large number of years. The cost for this treatment was 3/4 of my bank reserve funds. Their advancement offered 5 additional sessions over their 10 sessions at this cost. My expert persuaded me in the event that I didn’t take up this bundle and held up longer, my skin break out condition will compound and I may need to fork out up to $13k later on attempting to determine it, not overlooking my pox scars that can’t be recuperated by then.

I took it. I got discouraged after I marked on the papers. Be that as it may, I let myself know it was for my own great.

The director made a decent attempt offer me their items, yet I stood firm that the medications were sufficient for me. I didn’t care for the way she talked. She continued letting me know I had cash so I ought to purchase them. I demanded I had a family to bolster. My woeful compensation and occupation were recorded in my application structure, however she didn’t appear to be irritated. At long last, my advisor pursued her away and I went in for my treatment.

The feeling was unwinding. The dividers were light dim or blue (I can’t tell ‘reason for the faint lighting), the beds were isolated by window ornaments. They played established music to set the mind-set. I would even say my first treatment was grand. I felt I was being spoiled by veils and creams. The main distress was the extraction, where I can feel little entry points being made on the spots and afterward the extraction.

By the sixth session, my skin was less (dry because of my carelessness in skincare), yet the breakouts were still there. When I inquired as to whether it was typical, she said it was and my skin inflammation was because of my hormones, which they will direct through the treatment.

My sessions are once in 2 or 3 weeks as exhorted by my specialist. Once, because of clashing timetables, I needed to follow 5 weeks. By then, my breakouts had flared and it looked more regrettable than at any other time. My specialist exhorted for me to agree to another 5 sessions to finish my 20-session prerequisite and she ventured up the treatment by including ampoules and blue-light treatment. Once more, I felt discouraged and censured myself for what my hormones were doing to me.

A couple of weeks after the fact, feeling unsettled, I went online to look into on surveys on their administrations. There was nothing positive outside their own site. Ladies whined of being duped thousands (even near $20k), left with scars and hard-offering and terrible state of mind advisors. I took in the hard truth right here: NYSS isn’t a dermatologist. They claim to be on the grounds that they utilize dermatologically-tried items. Also, that’s all there is to it.

I doubted my advisor on my next excursion why not at all like dermatologists, they don’t offer pills to manage hormones. She demanded that pills had transitory impact, and delayed use will harm the liver. So their treatment concentrates on the objective zone. It will mend. Those negative remarks made online were from unsatisfied clients taking lower-end bundles dissimilar to mine and past awful state of mind advisors have left following. I went home feeling edified and my trust was recaptured.

2 sessions later, gazing at my red, messy face (where extractions were done), I inquired as to whether I was showing signs of improvement. At that point she let me know how might I be able to ask that? Wasn’t my skin surface showing signs of improvement? It was dry and slick at to begin with,would it say it wasn’t? Presently it’s less sleek. I didn’t have uneven skintones any longer. What’s more, on the off chance that I didn’t have confidence in recuperating, how might I mend?

Stunning. It’s my flaw now that I’m not improving? For the following 2 sessions, different advisors did my treatment. It would be ideal if you take note of that with each session, my face got more and more touchy to the extraction procedure that it truly hurt like damnation by the fifteenth session. Different experts attempted their best to regard me as delicately as could be expected under the circumstances. They continued inquiring as to whether it was agonizing and delicately persuaded me that it would be over soon. When I got my own expert once more, her used-to-be tender hands all of a sudden made me feel I was on a working table. I advised her it hurt, she just commented why I was so frail.

NYSS was exceptionally sure they could quit for the day pox scars, however they’re still here. At the point when at first my face appeared to react to their ‘medications’, now they don’t. In the event that you see ladies with sparkling appearances rising up out of their focuses, this is on the grounds that the medicines they sought were for minor issues, ie. wrinkles. Be that as it may, the fact of the matter is, dominant part of individuals who really need to go there have genuine issues. I’ve perused of clients making claims after their unsuccessful sessions, yet for a name that is extending during the time all over Singapore, Malaysia and somewhere else, they know how to make due around here.

I’ve begun look into again about grown-up skin inflammation and discovered it’s because of unnecessary androgens. I’m done going for interminable torment ‘medications’. Where my GP can be less worried about my skin inflammation, I’m going to different specialists for an appropriate cure.

I have confidence in what goes around, comes around. I likewise put stock in the Internet being the quickest media. So I trust whoever understands this article will learn as much as I have, and convey attention to the individuals who really have issues to look for assistance from expert dermatologists and not magnificence focuses.

Ayurveda an Unbelievable Method of Treatment

Once a king fell sick, it was very serious, he was unable to eat and drink anything. Lack of hunger and thirst made him more and more serious. He was unable to get up from bed and grew paler day by day. His son and other relatives treated him from all the qualified physicians, but they all failed to understand his diseases. One of the physicians came to the conclusion that the saliva coming through his gland was not generating any more. Saliva is very necessary for the digestive system as it digests the food. Lack of saliva has led to the loss of appetite and thirst.

All the methods of treatment failed to treat the king, no medicine could give him relief. The king could not get rid of the diseases. The whole kingdom was worried of the king’s health. They tried all the possible ways to detect the illness.

One day a very old man had come to his province and he heard some people talking about the king’s poor health. He stopped and asked what the matter was and what happened to the king. The people standing there told that the king was suffering from very unfamiliar diseases and could not get rid of the diseases. All the expert physician and modern treatment failed to bring back the king’s health.

He said the soldiers take him to the king as he wanted to see the king. The soldier asked who he was. The old man said that he was a Vaidhya (Ayurvedic doctor). He said that as he was also the citizen of his province and it’s his duty to think about the good health of the king. I am an Ayurvedic physician and want to treat the king. The soldier looked at his simple clothes he was wearing a white turban and dressed up like a villager. The soldier thought for a movement that the old man must be given a chance to treat the king and let him meet the king.

The old man was taken to the king’s room, as soon as he entered the room, he could see the huge crowd surrounded his bed. He then slowly went to the bed and looked at the king carefully; he then holds his hand to count his nerves. He opened his eyes and mouth and examined carefully and smiled mysteriously and went out of the room without saying anything. The entire crowd looked at him and was surprised to see him smiling.

The old man went out of the room and called his son and gave him some advice. The king’s son immediately acted on his advice. He called upon ten soldiers, ten knives and ten lemons. Then the old man said, “do as I say” entire soldier followed his advice.

The old man told the soldiers, “go into the room take the lemon near the king’s mouth, cut into two half and squeeze it into the vessel” that was kept near his bed. The old man sends one by one ten soldiers in the room, each one holding a knife and lemon. The ten soldiers came to the room and stood in a row and as per the advice; the soldiers came near the bed and cut the lemon and squeezed.

The first two soldiers squeezed and went away, The king opened his eyes by the sweet smell of the lemon the next two soldiers also repeated the same process, the king slowly sat on the bed and watched the soldier’s activity. He was slowly tempted by the sweet smell of the lemon.

The king’s son, his family and all the people at the court watched carefully. They were surprised to see the king waking up from the bed himself. Immediately the king opened his mouth and ripped off his lips. The old man watched that the king’s senses were gradually activating.

The next two soldiers also performed the same activity; the king was now more tempted towards the action of the soldiers. The king made the ripping sound and tried to get out of the bed himself. Meanwhile the old man watched that his senses were gradually activated and he could see the mouth of the king started watering. The saliva started producing in his mouth.

While the soldiers were performing their activity the king went near the container where the lemon juice was collected the old man immediately added some pepper powder and tulsi leaf (Ocimum tenuiflorum) in the lemon juice and gave the king few drops of juice to drink.

The entire crowd was surprised to see the king drinking the lemon juice. The king’s son bowed before the old man and thanked him. They all were happy to see the king getting out of bed himself. The old man said, “Your highness had lost the sense of taste due to lack of saliva in his mouth, which helps in digestion of food and therefore lost his appetite and fell sick. But now again his saliva producing nerves are active and he will recover soon”. The king’s son tried to give him a reward but he refused to take them.

Gradually the king regained fine health and was active like before. He tried to give plenty of money and gold to the old man, but he refused to take them. The old man said, “I am an Ayurvedic physician and my duty is to treat people and you are a king and it was my duty to see you in a good health. I have done my duty and I must leave now”. The king bowed down in front of the old man and bid him farewell.

How You Can Quickly Get Rid of Skin Redness

Skin redness is a common problem that can affect people of any age. If you’re stuck with red, blotchy skin that’s causing discomfort, here are some ways to quickly get rid of face redness.

Buy Anti Redness Cream

The common triggers that can cause a skin redness flare up can be minimized by using anti-redness cream safely every day. Clinically tested effective in fighting skin redness, Pensida Anti redness cream also works to restore skin making it softer, smoother, and with an even tone.

Eat Hydrating Foods

Hydrating foods like carrots, sweet potatoes, cucumbers, and broccoli are full of antioxidants that will help reduce your redness and keep it away. Also, be sure to drink plenty of water. Eating these foods and drinking lots of fluids can help clear your skin and give it a beautiful glow.

Wash your Face the Right Way

When you’re trying to get rid of facial redness, be sure you’re only washing your face with lukewarm water. Burning hot water and freezing cold water can both cause your skin to dry out, leading to an increase in redness. After you wash your face, be sure to gently pat it dry, because scrubbing too hard can lead to irritation and blotchy skin. Use moisturizer on your skin right after washing it to keep the moisture locked in.

Use Coconut Oil or Petroleum Jelly

If you’re suffering from dry skin, a natural moisturizer may be just what you need. Coconut oil helps keep your skin moist and glowing. It’s especially good to use if you’re also applying harsh creams to combat your facial redness. Petroleum jelly can also add much-needed moisture to your skin, and it can help clear redness caused by irritation.

Take Vitamins

Vitamins A, B, C, E, and Zinc all contain antioxidants that contribute to the overall health of your skin, and they can lead to a clearer complexion. You can take these in a pill form, or you can eat foods that are high in these vitamins.

Use Cucumber Slices and Cold Compresses

If you want to cool down inflamed skin, try using cucumber slices and cold compresses. When you use cucumber slices, place them on your face for fifteen to twenty minutes at a time. Or, if you choose to use a cold compress, hold it up to your face for ten to fifteen minutes at a time. Both of these easy fixes will help reduce redness and blotchiness anywhere on your face.

Use Concealer

A good concealer can help hide the appearance of redness, and it won’t cause any more irritation. Dab the concealer in small dots on the affected areas, and then blend it in using a makeup sponge or your finger. Be gentle when you’re covering the blotches, as pushing too hard can cause irritation that leads to even more redness.

Facial redness that keeps flaring up can be a nuisance, but there are a variety of ways to fight it. Try some of these easy treatments, and you’ll be amazed at the results.

The Top Spa Treatments for 2016 – Get Ready to Rejuvenate!

Spas offer the perfect opportunity for those with stressful lifestyles, which is everyone, a way to refresh and feel ready to take on the future. When one is feeling overloaded and not like themselves the answer is often booking at spas where they can indulge in massage, facials, manicure, pedicure and a variety of other popular treatments that will renew them head to toe.

Anyone who is planning on treating themselves to a spa day or vacation should consider one or more of the following most popular treatments this year.

Vitamin C Facials

A vitamin C based facial is great for tightening and hydrating the skin using pharmaceutical grade products that also exfoliate and soften skin. It works even on the most sensitive skins and renews the cells for brighter skin that’s firmer than ever and gives a youthful glow.

The process at many spas usually includes a thorough cleanse and rinse, application of a high-quality masque or two, and then complete moisturizing with a product that features Vitamin C.

Mineral Body Treatment

This treatment features a nice, long soak in a hot mineral bath. Many resort spas offer access to natural springs which is a great start. Next, the skin is exfoliated using a product that will leave skin silky and smooth to the touch. Finally, a warm cream massage containing more natural minerals is performed leaving the recipient feeling energetic and of course, pain-free.

Mineral treatments have been used for centuries to relieve joint and muscle pain. See what a mineral body treatment can do for a stressed body that is in need of extreme recovery.

Oil and Salt Scrub

This treatment uses both Dead Sea salts for a thorough scrub to remove dead skin cells, and the application of the ever-popular essential oils. In some cases, the spas carefully combine the salts with the oils, but either way it’s a treatment not to be missed.

As the oils penetrate to restore vitality and erase dryness, an added benefit that will be experienced is that of the stimulation of the lymphatic system through the careful massage that comes along with. Boost circulation and drainage of toxins from the body while softening the skin.


Slip into a bubbling bath infused with either essential oils or various anti-aging and antioxidant products depending on what one is looking for. Underwater jets have been proven to reduce the appearance of cellulite and relieve tired and sore muscles.

Water alone is one of the best ways to invigorate oneself after a long work week or stressful situation. Regular soaking is recommended and produces amazing results in the realm of not only skin care, but mental health as well.

Holistic Facials

Expect a facial assessment where the holistic therapist will determine a tailor-made experience that will best fit your skin type and needs. Steps usually include:

A hydrating cleanser
Refreshing toner
A hydrating or firming mask
Facial massage
Eye cream application

Spas often combine this service with makeup application for a fun night out, but the natural beauty left behind after this treatment doesn’t even need makeup, truly. The choice is the clients as to whether they want to include that service or not. Regardless, having a facial that is built to one’s specific needs for their skin is a treat that shouldn’t be passed up.

Wrap Massage

As an ancient method, wrap massage has been around for centuries but is gaining in popularity as of late. It entails spas providing a heated wrap of some sort which is placed on any areas of tension or pain. The specialist then proceeds to massage through the wraps for the ultimate relief.

Circulation is increased for added health benefits, and the recipient feels nurtured and cared for like they deserve, giving them a refreshed feel. Various herbs and grains may be used in conjunction with the wraps.

Benefits of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Puts patients in control
Medication often works by helping to suppress underlying emotions and thoughts, resulting in the problem never completely being resolved. Cognitive behavioural therapy, on the other hand, works by helping the patient identify their negative thoughts and emotions while a therapist helps them to better understand how these thoughts and emotions are controlling their actions. Then, the patient is better able to gain control over those thoughts, and the actions that are a result of them.

Not medication
Cognitive behavioural therapy is done completely by talking and acting. While it may be used in combination with medication, it can also be quite effective on its own. In addition to not requiring that a patient take medication, this treatment can help reduce the need for medication in many patients over time, provided they see a therapist on a regular basis.

Effective treatment
Many patients are unsure of whether or not cognitive behavioural therapy will work, particularly in Western cultures that tend to put more emphasis on taking prescription medications. Studies have proven that it can be effective at reducing the symptoms of multiple disorders, including, but not limited to: anger management issues, depression, anxiety, social anxiety, PTSD, sleep disorders and many more.

Long lasting
Because medication does not resolve the underlying issue, the patient often has the disorder that has required that they seek the help of a professional disorder for years. Cognitive behavioural therapy, on the other hand, works by changing the though patterns of the individual, and helps to replace negative thoughts with more
positive thoughts.

Because of this, the changes that are made when a patient undergoes cognitive behavioural therapy are often life long, helping to decrease symptoms and guaranteeing that they do not come back.

Better relationships
Often, individuals seek the help of a professional therapist due to addiction or another mental health disorder. This form of treatment helps to decrease bothersome symptoms, and in doing that, it makes the patient more self-aware than ever before. As patients are able to see how their thoughts affect their actions, and how their actions have an impact on their life as a whole, they are also able to see how their actions affect their relationships.

The end result of this is that many patients experience better relationships in every aspect of their life, including work and home, as treatment progresses and they continue to make progress.

Encourages responsibility
This form of treatment is based on the behavioural model, a model that states that a person’s feelings control their thoughts, and then their thoughts control their actions. Because of this, many individuals wind up accepting the responsibility for their actions instead of blaming other people, situations, or claiming that it is because they are a victim. While situations are often out of a person’s control, how they react to those situations is not, and this is one of the primary beliefs that has helped to shape this form of treatment.

This form of treatment continues to increase in popularity as more individuals are looking for a permanent solution that medication does not provide. It is often referred to as “talk therapy” because it consists primarily of the patient and therapist talking to uncover feelings and thoughts that control actions. Talk therapy can help individuals with various mental health disorders and life struggles, and over time can reduce the need for medication.

Everything To Know For Your Fitness Freaks

These days, spa & salons are more-in-demand services. Everyone, in the town, belongs to every age group are much inclined to take extra care of their health, beauty and fitness by availing their expert’s services. Thus, if you are among those and looking for the expert’s that helps you to stay fit and fine. Then, this article is specially designed for you. From this spa & salon article, i am going to give you some of the useful tips that help you, how to choose the best spa & salon services and which significant facts needs you attention is investing in the best spa & salon services.

Advice to choose for your Salon services

Check out the product’s brand:

This is the first and foremost tip while choosing a spa & salon service in around you. You have to first check out their products and look whether their products, which they use on you are suits you whether their products are really beneficial for you or not. Usually, spas & salons in the market use a wide range of popular products brand. So, there is not as such a big problem that to get the particular brand you are looking for. But, for the precautionary side, its advice to you to must go through the products brand before availing particular outlets services.


Location is the next up aspect while choosing a spa & salon service, as it helps you manage your schedule and other aspects of your life. However, if the location is next to your place or office then, you are easily in over lunch or on days you finish your office work early or when your kids are sleeping etc.

Cost and their offers:

Obviously, your chosen Spa & Salon service needs to be within your budget, or you’ll never be able to meet the expense of. However, it doesn’t mean that it has to be cheap or low-price treatments. You could save and avail services as per your needs and expectations. Sometimes, these outlets offer their loyalty discount card or gift cards online scheme that also worth looking into the various offers such as discounts, earned prizes, cash-back and much more.


Specialists and artist selection is one of the best and worthwhile tips while choosing for beauty salon package deals services. It helps you getting your desired result and also how their specialist qualification, experience helps you in fulfilling your expectations etc.

Check out the reviews or friends support

This is the last and an essential tip while selecting for any spa & salon services. You can also check the reviews of your selected spa and salon outlets, from the internet. With the rise in completion and internet demand, many people started posting the reviews and experience of the outlets, where they avail and used the services. You can also get the suggestions or feedback from their loved ones or friends who also went to those outlets where you want to go etc.

Delightful Fitness Aids for a Healthy Lifestyle

The well-known English novelist Dorothy ‘Dodie’ Gladys Smith had shared her views on a stimulating bath. And this is what she had to say: “Father says hot water can be as stimulating as an alcoholic drink and though I never come by one… I can well believe it.” Indeed, she was right since bathing in hot water is amazingly refreshing for both the mind and body.

The elite among the Romans of yore used to spend hours in sauna baths and thus regale in their pastime. Medically it has been proved that bathing in mild hot water opens up the pores of the skin which in turn is extremely good for health. On this score, it is worthwhile to note that many natural hot springs have therapeutic values in them.

Incidentally, one need not go in search of such hot springs. Today, the delights of hot springs could be had at the backyard of one’s home. These are marketed globally by different companies dealing in health and fitness systems. Price tag-wise, these hot tubs are not essentially meant solely for the rich and expensive. There are models that are affordable for everyone to begin the journey to relaxation.

They come in various dimensions and each hot tub is spacious enough for five to seven persons to squat and share those delightful moments. These tubs, depending on the model, have systems of jets through which the water splashes on the body to render an invigorating experience of water massage.

These branded hot tubs are the fruits of a self-made person named Keith who had a penchant for good things in life and designed the first prototype in 1978. Interestingly, the makers of these hot tubs have kept human ergonomics comfort in view while designing and manufacturing as such the curved contoured seats fit the human body perfectly. The water jets are positioned at appropriate spots in a hot tub.

The companies that market these products have numerous other systems that are domestically manufactured as well as imported to maintain healthy body and mind. They come in two versions – Elevation series and Integrity series. According to the users, the Elevation version is for an immersive exercise experience.

It has integrated consoles and attachable TVs, iPod, video to watch choicest programmes while exercising or a music system to listen to favourite inspirational tunes. It has a programmed trainer that charts out different exercises alongside the results from it. In the Integrity series, the bike is reported to be aesthetic in design with facilities for iPod and TV controls for a melodious experience.